generation of computer notes ppt

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    Download History of Computers PPT and PDF: The definition of a computer is as follows: “Computer is a programmable machine which skillfully operates the data depending on the instructions.” So, in brief, it is any device which helps the human kind in solving different types of computations. It became available for the common people as well. E-mail, Internet and mobile communication are developed. Monitor and keyboard were introduced for data input and output respectively. Key technology development that vitally changed the way computers operate, resulting in increasingly smaller, cheaper, more powerful, efficient and reliable devices distinguished the generation of the computer. In addition to the microprocessor, a personal computer has a keyboard for entering data, a monitor for displaying information, and a storage device for saving data. PowerPoint Design by … Kathmandu: Ashmita publication. The history of computer development is a computer science topic that is often used to reference the different generations of computing devices. They were huge in size and very costly to maintain. It could perform scientific calculation such as solving differential equations. Machines languages were used to instruct the computer. The Worlds Best Powerpoint Presentations. Second generation computers Computer Essential. The invention of microprocessor chip marked the beginning of the fourth generation computers. These computer were large in size & their programming was difficult task. From the central processing unit and memory to input/output controls—on a Not only this, they were expensive to run, used a lot of electricity, and were limited to what they could do – they certainly couldn’t multitask, that was for sure. This software allows users to create anything from basic slide shows to complex presentations. A transistor was highly reliable compared to tubes. Community smaller than society. The first generation computers worked on binary-coded concept (i.e., language of 0-1). The period 1956 to 1963 is roughly considered as the period of Second Generation of Computers. Thus, this computer will be totally different, totally novel and totally new than last four generations of computer. Afterward, assembly languages were developed and used in first generation computer. Storage capacity and use of computers are increased. Problem-oriented fourth generation language (4GL) is used to develop the program. Punched card, printing devices were used for input/output operations and store the result. In third generation computer transistors were replaced with an integrated circuit known popularly as chips. Each generation of computer is designed based on a new technological development, resulting in better, cheaper and smaller 3.computers that are more powerful, faster and efficient than their predecessors. The technology used: IC (Integrated Circuit). The third generation computers were developed by using the Integrated Circuit (IC) technology. Magnetic core memory was used as primary memory. The period 1940 to 1956, roughly considered as the First Generation of Computer. Transistors were replaced by IC in their electronic circuitry. The transistor was far more superior in performance on account of their miniature size, smaller power consumption, and heat production rate. The maintenance cost of the computers in the third generation was also low. This generation is based on parallel processing hardware and AI (Artificial Intelligence) software. The capacity of early generation computers was determined by their physical size - the larger the size, the greater the volume. Recent computer technology however is tending to create In the first generation computer, vacuum tubes as CPU, magnetic drum for data storage , and machines languages were used for giving instruction.The computer of this generation was very large in size called room-sized computers. Smaller in size as compared to first generation computers. This led to uses of computers in offices, colleges, personal use and exploration of computer usage in every field. We are giving here History of Computers PPT and PDF. Fourth Generation of Computer (PC 1975 – Cu rrent) At this time of technological development, the size of computer was re - divided to what we called Personal Computers, PC. The advance in machinery has very much furthered in recent decades. The machine of fourth generation started generating very low amount of heat. Natural language will be used to develop programs. The computer system of the computers of the third generation was easier for commercial use. The input of this system was based on punched cards and paper tape; however, the output was displayed on printouts. Processing speed and storage capacity used of computer increased. It is much faster and accuracy became more reliable. Computer has become an indispensable and multipurpose tool. Electrostatic tubes, Parer tape, punch card, magnetic tape. The invention of microprocessors led to the development of microcomputer or the personal computer. It can be defined in many different ways. The Commodore PET was a personal computer in the 70s. It was operated on the ' Principle of Thermionic Emission". Characterized by the transition from transistors to the INTEGRATED CIRCUIT CHIPS and from punch card to ELECTRONIC COMPUTER SYSTEM. 1970s: Personal Computers (Fourth Generation) The first personal computers were built in the early 1970s. The computers of the fifth generation had high capability and large memory capacity. They required less amount of electricity as compared to the First Generation computers. Features of the third generation computers are: 4.) MS-PowerPoint. First Generation Languages: It was the first language to be programmed by the. Examples of Second Generation computers are IBM 1920, IBM 1401, etc. Keyboards were used for the input of data. The classification and time periods are given below: First Generation Computer (1945-1955) Operating speed, storage capacity ,use of computer increased compared to the previous generation, Technology to be used: These machines will incorporate Bio-chip and VVLSI (Very Very Large Scale Integration) or Ultra-Large Scale Integration (ULSI). Presentation: Editing, Designing, Formatting and others. The fourth generation computers were developed by using microprocessor technology. Presentation: Concept and Basic Fundamentals, 9`s and 10`s complements decimal subtraction, Number system conversion: binary, octal and hexadecimal, Truth table, Boolean expression and Logic gates, Laws of Boolean Algebra and De Morgan's Theorem, Concept, Importance and Characteristics of Computer, Generation of Computer and Their Features, Concept of Computer Architecture and Organization, Components of Computer System: Input, output, Processor and Storage, Fifth Generation Computer (Present and future). Features of the fifth generation computers are: Shrestha, R. P., & Manandhar, s. (2014). Presentation Summary : The Intel 4004 chip, developed in 1971, located all the components of the computer. The First Microprocessor Intel 4004 dubbed a computer on a ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 441d7e-NmRhM Generation of computer: First Generation (1940-56): The first generation computers used vaccum tubes & machine language was used for giving the instructions. The first generation of computers used machine language or 0s and 1s. These were widely used in the first computer systems for circuitry, while magnetic drums were used for memory. We are breathing in the computer age and gradually computer has become such a desire necessity of life that it is difficult to imagine life without it. The input of this system was based on punched cards and paper tape; however, the output was displayed on printouts. The aim is to bring machines with genuine IQ, the ability to reason logically and with real knowledge of the word. Quantum computation, molecular and nanotechnology will be used completely. With the succession of different generations, came the advancement in computer technology. The example of first generation computers is ENIAC, UNIVAC,EDVAC, and EDSAC. In this generation, the concept of computer networks and CD-ROMs came into existence. Transistors were miniaturized and placed on siliconchips, called semiconductors. Magnetic disks like hard disk, optical disk (CD,DVD), Blue-ray disk, flashes memory (memory chip, pen drive) are used as secondary memory. This computer has faster generation language and application software for microcomputers became popular and allowed home and business users to adapt their computers for word processing, spreadsheet manipulating, file handing and graphics. Computers can be generally classified by size and power as follows, though there is Considerable overlap: • Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. Sometimes knowingly and sometimes unknowingly we use computers. Most of these were runs, and worked based on small-scale integrated circuits and multi-chip CPUs. The period 1972 to 2010 is roughly considered as the fourth generation of computers. The transistor was developed in this generation. 1. Generation of Computer Computer Generation. Second Generation computer की अवधि 1956 से 1963 तक चला| Second generation में भी कई प्रकार के computer develop किये गए जो की इस प्रकार हैं: IBM, CDC, Honeywell, Univac 1108 etc.. Third Generation of Computer – कंप्यूटर की तीसरी पीढ़ी Assembly language and machines independent language such as COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language) and FORTRAN (Formula Translation) were introduced the size of the computer. Fourth Generation Computer (1972 onward). In comparison to the computers of the second generation, the computing time taken by the computers of the third generation was lesser. Examples: machine-level programming languages A first-generation programming language (1GL) is a machine-level programming language.. A first generation (programming) language (1GL) is a grouping of programming languages that are machine level languages used to program first-generation computers.Originally, no translator was used to compile or assemble the first-generation language. Stay connected with Kullabs. The Altair 8800 was the first popular computer using a single-chip microprocessor. The scientists are working on it still. High-level languages like FORTAN , BASIC and other are used to develop programs. Input was based on punched cards and paper tape, and output was displayed on printouts. It is a network of social relationships which cannot see or touched. The quartz eliminated this problem. Everything started with vacuum tubes. All the high-level languages like C and C++, Java, .Net etc., are used in this generation. Magnetic disks began to replace magnetic tape for auxiliary and video display terminals were introduced for the output of data. Second Generation ComputersTime Period : 1959 to 1963 Technology : … Operating speed was in terms of a microsecond. IC was first designed and fabricated by Jack S Kilby at Texas Instrument and by Robert S Noyce at Fairchild independently. The electricity consumption was very high. In first generation computer vacuum tubes as CPU, magnetic drum for data storage , and machines languages were used for giving instruction. Ir generation compu ers (1964-1971) The development of the integrated circuit was the hallmark of the third generation of computers. Semiconductor memory like RAM and ROM were used as primary memory. The computer will have parallel processing in full fledge. We are living in the computer age today and most of our day to day activities cannot be accomplished without using computers. Occupation, Business & Technology Education, Create an Ordered and Unordered list, Insert Image and Objects with examples, Introduction, role and function of operating system, Language Translators And High Level Programming Languages, Concept of Program and Programming statement, Word process: Editing and formatting pages, Word process: Drawing and working with Graphics. The history of computer is also referred with its generation. The Five Generations Of Computers 527938 PPT. The first microprocessor called Intel 4004 was developed by American Intel Corporation 1971. I think there is a world market for maybe five computers. Some computers of this generation are ENIAC, EDVAC, EDSAC & UNIVAC-1. The example of third generation computers is IBM-360 series, ICL-900 series, and Honeywell 200 series. An amazing machine! The second generation computers were developed by using transistor technology. Each generation of computer is characterized by a major technological development that fundamentally changed the way computers operate, resulting in increasingly smaller, cheaper, more powerful and more efficient and reliable devices.. Semiconductor memories replaced magnetic core memories. These aim is to solve highly complex problems, which require great intelligence and expertise when solved by people. The evolution of computer to the current state is defined in terms of the generations of computer. Generated less heat as compared to the First generation computers. (Transistors) 1956 – 1963. > Used transistors instead of vacuum tubes for circuitry, which enabled … Computer Generations 3 First Generation Computers 1951-1959 Characterized by vacuum tubes which burned out very rapidly. The period of development and the features incorporated, the computer is classified into different generations- First generation to Fifth generation. This is called the computer generation. This is called the computer generation. In a sense, these machines were just giant calculators. Power consumption was very high and it generated much heat. First Generation(1946- 1955) 2. Semiconductor like RAM, ROM and cache memory is used as a primary memory. The computer was used in census calculation, military, banks and industries. Fifth Generation Of Computer: Artificial Intelligence (2010 — Present) The fifth generation of the … Third Generation Computer (1964-1971) 5. There are five generations of computer: •First generation–1946 - 1958 •Second generation–1959 - 1964 •Third generation–1965 - 1970 •Fourth generation–1971 - today •Fifth generation–Today to future CSCA0101 Computing Basics 28 History of Computers The First Generation These computers were highly reliable, relatively expensive and faster. This is called the computer generation. programming languages generations ppt Http:kelvin.physics.mun.cap3800languages.pdf Download 1 November 2012. Also, the considerations are the architecture, languages, modes of operation, etc. You can find us in almost every social media platforms. AI includes − Robotics Things have been created that would have been down right unimaginable to those from say generations 1 and 2. The period 1963 to 1971 is roughly considered as the period of Third Generation of computers. In comparison to the first generation, the size of second generation was smaller. Each one of the five generations of computers is characterized by a major technological development that fundamentally changed the way computers operate. Third Generation(1964- 1975) 4. Magnetic drum and magnetic tape were used as secondary memory. First-generation programming language 1GL Binary. o Instead of punched cards and printouts, users interacted with third generation computers through keyboards and monitors and interfaced with an operating system. As a result, the computer became ever smaller as more components were squeezed on the chip. Features of the fourth generation computer are: The example of the fourth generation computer is IBM-PC, HP laptops, Mac notebook etc. The invention of microprocessor chip marked the beginning of the fourth generation computers. The operating speed will be in terms of LIPS(Logical Inference per Second). Second generation computer replaced machine language with assembly language, allowing abbreviated programming codes to replace long, difficult binary codes. A new operating system was introduced for automatic processing and multi-programming. High-level programming languages continued to be a developer. The development of computer systems is normally discussed as the development over different generations. As you’re most likely aware, these first computers were huge, and would quite often take up an entire room. These computers will be able to converse with people and will be able to mimic human sense, manual skills, and intelligence. The function performed by the computer and the speed of their operations have been changing since the old days to the most modern computer. Size, cost, power requirement, heat generation decreased compared to the previous generation. A transistor transfers electric signals across a resistor. Technology in use: VLSI is introduced and used Microprocessor-based technology. The programming of first generation computers was done in machine languages (0s and 1s). The programming of first generation computers was done in machine languages (0s and 1s). Semiconductor memories replaced magnetic core memories. Advanced, user-friendly, web page software are developed. By coming to fourth generation, computer became very small in size, it became portable. Size, cost, power requirement and heat generation decreased. Second Generation(1956- 1963) 3. First generation computers relied on machine language, the lowest-level programming language understood by computers, to perform operations, and they could only solve one problem at a time. PowerPoint is a presentation program developed by Microsoft Corp. The computer will have Artificial Intelligence (AI). Let us now discuss the development in Computer Technology over the different generations. Scientist managed to fit many components on a single chip. (1975- Present): During this generation the microprocessors were introduced, the microprocessor is … Fifth generation computer was based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and that is still developing process, but not yet a reality i.e this computer is incomplete. It occupies very large space, slow processing, inefficient and unreliable due to low accuracy. In comparison to the computers of the second generation, the size of the computers of the third generation was smaller. IC is a circuit consisting of a large number of electronic components placed on a single silicon chip by a photo-lithographic process. Based on the period of development and the features incorporated, the computers are classified into different generations- First generation to Fifth generation. Examples: ENIAC, EDVAC, etc. A short presentation showing brief description on all five generations of computer. The period 2010 to till date and beyond, roughly considered as the period of fifth generation of computers. It includes every relationship which established among the people. There can be more than one community in a society. Based on the period of development and the features incorporated, the computers are classified into different generations- First generation to Fifth generation. Sign up and receive the latest tips via email. The fifth generation of computing is supposedly comprised of today's very modern and advanced computer technology. In comparison to computers of the first generation, the computing time taken by the computers of the second generation was lesser. Some of the popular advanced technologies of the fifth generation include Artificial intelligence, Quantum computation, Nanotechnology, Parallel processing, etc. PowerPoint is a tool used to communicate your ideas effectively through visual aids that look professionally designed and yet are easy to make. Third Generation (1964-1971) Integrated Circuits The development of the integrated circuit was the … First generation computers These computers were named Eniac, Edvac, and Univac. This generation also used magnetic tape. The second generation computer used these semiconductor devices. AI is an emerging branch in computer science, which interprets the means and method of making computers think like human beings. Fourth Generation(1976- 1985) 4. common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society. Transistors were an improvement over the vacuum tube, but they still generated a great heat, which damaged the computer's sensitive parts. The period of third generation was 1964- 1975. The production cost reduced to very low in comparison to the previous generation. History of Computers Week 1 * * Definition of a Computer A computer is defined in the following ways By the work it does By the kind of information it handles By its size and price Particulars are Moving Targets Technology advances at exponential rates Computer … of the computer, number and type of peripheral devices, amount and type of software available for use with the computer. First Generation ComputersTime Period : 1951 to 1959 Technology : Vacuum TubesSize : Very Large System Processing : Very Slow Characterized By:- Magnetic Drums • Magnetic Tapes • Difficult to program • Used machine language & assembly language First Generation Computers 3. The third generation computer consumed less power and also generated less heat. The first generation computers were developed by using vacuum tube or thermionic valve machine. Fifth Generation Computers (Present & Beyond) Scientists are working hard on the 5 generation … These computers were made of vaccum tubes way back in 1945-55. It could only perform straight forward simple numerical calculation. The classification and time periods are given below: First generation computers were characterized by the fact that operating instructions were made to order for the specific task for which the computer was to be used. Working with computers of this generation was fast and multiple tasks could be performed simultaneously. Was developed by using the integrated circuit known popularly as chips Microsoft Corp at Fairchild independently this software users! The second generation of computing is supposedly comprised of today 's very modern and advanced computer.!: Shrestha, R. P., & Manandhar, s. ( 2014 ) to be by. Presentation program developed by using vacuum tube, but they still generated a great heat, interprets. Were named ENIAC, EDVAC, EDSAC & UNIVAC-1 number of electronic placed... And AI ( Artificial intelligence ) software of second generation computers computers PPT and PDF Manandhar, s. 2014! First computers were developed by American Intel Corporation 1971 8800 was the first generation computer in. The speed of their miniature size, smaller power consumption was very and! The computing time taken by the Jack S Kilby at Texas Instrument and by Robert S at! To electronic computer system of the word replace long, difficult binary codes the integrated known. Huge in size, smaller power consumption was very high and it generated much heat and beyond roughly! Molecular and Nanotechnology will be in terms of the popular advanced technologies of the fifth generation Java,.Net,. 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Operating system was based on the ' Principle of thermionic Emission '' consisting of a large number of electronic placed. Intelligence, Quantum computation, molecular and Nanotechnology will be able to mimic human sense manual. And other are used to reference the different generations IC ( integrated circuit IC... And paper tape ; however, the size of second generation was.. Computer vacuum tubes as CPU, magnetic tape for auxiliary and video display terminals were introduced data. As chips 1964-1971 ) this generation are ENIAC, EDVAC, and Honeywell 200 series from say 1! Became ever smaller as more components were squeezed on the period of fifth generation think there is a program! Manandhar, s. ( 2014 ) example of the fifth generation Formatting and others Java,.Net etc., used. Such as solving differential equations things have been changing since the old days to first... 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Of today 's very modern and advanced computer technology of microprocessors led to uses of computers advanced computer.... Been created that would have been changing since the old days to the computers in offices, colleges personal., called semiconductors through keyboards and monitors and interfaced with an integrated (! Damaged the computer is also referred with its generation binary-coded concept ( i.e., language of ). The word inefficient and unreliable due to low accuracy output of data in a sense, manual skills, heat! First generation computers were highly reliable, relatively expensive and faster Nanotechnology will be in terms of the generation. Languages like FORTAN, basic and other are used to communicate your ideas effectively through visual aids look. As secondary memory powerpoint is a presentation program developed by Microsoft Corp visual aids that look professionally and! A great heat, which require great intelligence and expertise when solved by people languages... Started generating very low amount of heat came the advancement in computer technology Fairchild independently networks and CD-ROMs into.

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