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Postado em 19 de dezembro, 2020
This species has white flowers with a blue tinge (the wild species, parentage, has blue flowers, hence the name). For that reason, soils above pH 7.0 should be avoided. Lupin can grow up to 1 metre (3 feet) in height, but many of the commercial varieties are shorter in height (by two thirds). The variation in composition is due to genetic and environmental differences (Hill 1986). Lupin, being a part of the pulse crops family, when consumed may also have positive human health attributes similar to those which is being researched currently in diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome and obesity. In Ecuador, the lupin is often consumed as a ceviche-like street food known as "cevichochos". Alfalfa nodule protein (10 pg) was used as a positive control. When used in larger amounts as a medicine, lupin is POSSIBLY SAFEas long as the toxic alkaloid content is less than 0.02%. Depending on the species, the seeds of lupin contain 30 – 40% protein, 25% fibre, 6 – 8% oil and 2% – 6% starch. This is known as the 'taxonomic identifier' or 'taxid'.
This subsection of the Names and taxonomy section contains the taxonomic hierarchical classification lineage of the source organism. Automatic assertion according to rulesi, Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi, Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites, PIRSF; a whole-protein classification database. A comparative study was carried out on the dynamics of lipid accumulation in developing seeds of three lupine species. Sweet lupin (Lupinus albus), a protein-rich legume devoid of anti-nutritional factors, is considered to have a high potential for protein nutrition in man.Results concerning the nutritional value of lupin protein are, however, conflicting in animals and very scarce in human subjects. The LaPT1 gene was mainly expressed in roots, a major site for constitutive accumulation of prenylated isoﬂavones in white lupin. Lupin is commonly substituted for soybean in the feeding of cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry and farmed fish. Pickled or canned lupin, as well as using the flour as a substitute for chickpea in hummus, is currently being produced commercially in Canada. Even while the irrigated parts of the southern province could possibly manage the crop’s moisture requirements, the soil’s high pH (due to calcium carbonate parental material) negatively affects the nodulation and growth of L. angustifolius.
This section provides information about the protein and gene name(s) and synonym(s) and about the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.
This subsection of the Names and taxonomy section provides an exhaustive list of all names of the protein, from commonly used to obsolete, to allow unambiguous identification of a protein.
This subsection of the Names and taxonomy section indicates the name(s) of the gene(s) that code for the protein sequence(s) described in the entry. This fungus causes a possibly fatal intoxication with lupi… Protein isolates prepared by alkaline solubilization followed by isoelectric precipitation and freeze-drying from six varieties of Lupinus angustifolius (Haags Blaue, Sonate, Probor, Borlu, Boregine, and Boruta) grown in Mexico were evaluated for functional properties: nitrogen solubility, water-holding capacity (WHC), oil holding capacity (OHC), emulsion activity index (EAI), emulsion stability index (ESI), … Upon integration into UniProtKB, each entry is assigned a unique accession number, which is called 'Primary (citable) accession number'.
This subsection of the 'Entry information' section shows the date of integration of the entry into UniProtKB, the date of the last sequence update and the date of the last annotation modification ('Last modified'). Four distinct tokens exist: 'Name', 'Synonyms', 'Ordered locus names' and 'ORF names'.
This subsection of the Names and taxonomy section provides information on the name(s) of the organism that is the source of the protein sequence.
This subsection of the Names and taxonomy section shows the unique identifier assigned by the NCBI to the source organism of the protein. Another consideration in the irrigation districts is that there is strong competition for acres with crops with higher net returns such as hybrid canola, sugar beet, potato, dry bean, sweet pea, sweet corn, hemp, quinoa and timothy hay for the export market making lupin economically unfeasible for farmers to include in the crop rotation. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.White lupin (Lupinus albus L.), yellow lupin (L. luteus L.) and narrow-leafed lupin (L. angustifolius L.), are native European legumes that represent a significant alternative to soya bean.
The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) of a set of proteins thought to be expressed by organisms whose genomes have been completely sequenced.
A UniProt proteome can consist of several components.
The component name refers to the genomic component encoding a set of proteins.
This section provides information on sequence similarities with other proteins and the domain(s) present in a protein.
This section displays by default the canonical protein sequence and upon request all isoforms described in the entry. In closing, the commercialization of lupin makes a lot sense on many fronts and will be a welcomed addition to the crop rotation in Alberta. Several species of lupins are grown in temperate agriculture. Cholesterol-lowering effect of whole lupin (Lupinus albus) seed and its protein isolate Food Chem. Epub 2011 Dec 13. Lastly, active ingredients from plants, in the form of extracts, for medical and therapeutic products in human and animal health is increasingly being sought after by manufacturing companies. (2008) studied the hypolipidemic and anti-atherogenic effect of lupin protein isolates (Lupinus albus) in rabbits and reported a significant reduction of cholesterol and a reduction of the risk of developing atherosclerosis. Sign up for our newsletter. Lupinus albus. This high level of protein with very little starch makes the crop appealing for protein fractionators struggling to find a market for the large quantities of by-product starch (field pea seed in comparison contains 18 – 26% protein and 35 – 40% starch). In the not too distant future, fields of lupin will start to appear in parts of Alberta. from the sequence. Help. They are leguminous seeds with high protein content. The deduced protein sequence of LaPT1 shared high homologies with known ﬂavonoid and isoﬂavonoid prenyltransferases. Proteomes. Lupin responds well to moderate temperatures and moderate to high (not excessive) evenly consistent moisture throughout the growing season. In Europe, one manufacturer is using lupin protein isolates in the production of mayonnaise, cheese spreads, yogurt, drinks and ice cream as plant based a dairy alternative.
Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.
Lupin which have had alkaloids bred to lower levels are referred to as “sweet” lupin containing between 0.01% – 0.03% compared to the “bitter” lupin which contain 0.8 – 0.9% alkaloids. UniRef. Upright, pointy, candle-shaped clusters of monochromatic flowers, lupins are an excellent source of protein as well as dietary fiber.
Information which has been imported from another database using automatic procedures.canonical sequence are also displayed.
This subsection of the 'Entry information' section indicates whether the entry has been manually annotated and reviewed by UniProtKB curators or not, in other words, if the entry belongs to the Swiss-Prot section of UniProtKB (reviewed) or to the computer-annotated TrEMBL section (unreviewed).
This section contains any relevant information that doesn't fit in any other defined sections
An evidence describes the source of an annotation, e.g. More specifically, BLAD is a 20 kilodalton (kDa) polypeptide fragment of β-conglutin, a main storage protein in the flowering plant sweet lupin (Lupinus albus).with Europeâs new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018. Acts as a moisturizing active. A sweet lupin peptide extract is currently being produced from lupin without chemically modifying the protein itself. 55263. These agriculturally important species have been domesticated through breeding efforts; reducing their alkaloid levels, non-shattering pods and increasing soft seeds. The crop needs to be seeded no later than May 7 as 120 frost free days would take the crop to September 7 (the average fall frost date across north central Alberta) ideally not being exposed to a fall frost event. Each reviewed entry is assigned a unique entry name upon integration into UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot.
This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides one or more accession number(s). Lupin is fed to dairy cattle in Japan, South Korea, Europe and Australia and the latter (as a whole grain) fed to sheep. Lupinus albus (White lupine) (Lupinus termis) Status. This ‘all-natural’ protein extract has unique functional properties and is being used cosmetically and in personal healthcare formulations. Want to stay connected? Protein isolates from Lupinus albus, Lupinus splendens Rose and Lupinus spp., seeds,were obtained by isoelectric precipitation of its proteins at pH 4.4, 4.8 and 4.1, respectively.
It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could Lupine seed represents an interesting, non-genetically modified, and low cost alternative to soybean as an important source of protein and oil. Inclusion of the protein extract in shampoo and conditioners is found to extend hair colouring. We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi,
Information which has been generated by the UniProtKB automatic annotation system, without manual validation.Clearly mark the part or all of the information that you claim to be CBI. They are traditionally eaten as a pickled snack food, primarily in the Mediterranean basin and Latin America. Be sure to check local climate information as to when the average first fall frost occurs in your area and if earlier adjust the seeding date accordingly. SHORT COMMUNICATION Genetic Control of Protein Synthesis in White Lupine (Lupinus albus L.) Seeds a b b b V. P. Netsvetaev , I. V. Knyazeva , A. P. Ogulya , and O. Glycerin, Water, Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit Extract, Phenoxyethanol, Pectin, Chlorella Vulgaris/Lupinus Albus Protein Ferment. Narrow leafed blue lupin is a late maturing crop requiring 110 – 120 frost free days and for this reason it should be the first crop planted on the farm during the spring. BLAD is a protein fragment with fungicidal properties. have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen The genus Lupinus typically contains 36-52% protein, 5-20% oil, and 30-40% fiber (Gross et al 1988, Petterson and Mackin-tosh 1994). White lupins (Lupinus albus) are the most common and provide the greatest benefits (Gladstones, 1998). The deep, rich yellow colour of lupin (L. angustifolius) flour is of considerable interest in pasta making and noodle dishes. The mRNA and protein level of lupin γ-tubulin is highly correlated with β-tubulin as well as with the growth rate of the tissue. Globally there are 280 species of lupin, counting both annual and perennial with wild and domesticated kinds. White lupin ( Lupinus albus L.) is one of the 200 species of lupins, a genus of multipurpose annual legumes grown throughout the world both for their seeds used in feed and food, and for forage. Lupin is ‘solid stemmed’ which makes for great standability but may contribute to shatter loss (despite breeding efforts) at harvest if the crop is overripe. It provides 12 hour long-term moisture effect. As well, lupin has been tested successfully as fermented food products such as tempeh, tofu and miso. The deduced protein sequence of LaPT1 shared high homologies with known flavonoid and isoflavonoid prenyltransferases. Accumulates during seed development and is hydrolyzed after germination to provide a carbon and nitrogen source for the developing seedling. Protein knowledgebase. In contrast the growth of white lupin (L. albus) is indeterminant, and the plant continues to grow and flower late into the growing season until it is terminated with a harvest aid product such Reglone (diquat). Although an excessive use of L. albus, or other lupine species, can cause unwanted side-effects, this species seems to be promising to use at least as a feeding supplement. It is common that the word “lupin” first conjures up the thought of ornamental flowers, but there are four of major significance: Lupinus albus (white), Lupinus luteus (yellow), Lupinus angustifolius (narrow leafed, blue) and Lupinus mutabilis (Andean pearl lupin). using the generator polynomial: x64 + x4 + x3 + x + 1. Chem/IUPAC Name: Chlorella Vulgaris/Lupinus Albus Protein Ferment is the liquid obtained from the fermentation of lupinus albus protein by the Alga, Chlorella vulgaris, Oocystaceae. Properties and Benefits of Lupins. an experiment that has been published in the scientific literature, an orthologous protein, a record from another database, etc. The Andean lupin L. mutabilis, the Mediterranean Lupinus albus (white lupin), and Lupinus hirsutus are only edible after soaking the seeds for some days in salted water. It lists the nodes as they appear top-down in the taxonomic tree, with the more general grouping listed first.
This subsection of the Names and taxonomy section is present for entries that are part of a proteome, i.e. BLAD is produced by breakdown ofβ-conglutin during day 4 to 12 of the germination process of sweet lupins. In this study, an isoflavonoid prenyltransferase gene, designated as LaPT1, was identified from white lupin (Lupinus albus). Lupinus angustifolius (L.), also known as narrow-leaf lupin (NLL) is a grain legume crop that is gaining recognition as a potential human health food as the grain is high in protein and dietary fibre, gluten-free and low in fat and starch. Inclusion of the crop’s fractions would be a complement to certain cereal ingredients, balancing their amino acid profile as well as acting as a possible egg substitute in breads, cakes, biscuits, pancake mixtures and pasta, making these foods more nutritious. It has been demonstrated previously that this antibody cross-reacts with the 100-kD lupin nodule PEPC protein, the 100-kD alfalfa root PEPC protein (Miller et al., 1987), and the lupin root PEPC protein (Johnson et al., 1994). Lupinus albus, commonly known as the white lupin, is a member of the genus Lupinus in the family Fabaceae. Its growth is determinant in nature; meaning the plant has a defined number of days that it grows and then matures. They are Lupinus albus, Lupinus mutabilis, and Lupinus hirsutus. In the drier areas of the province, (especially on land that is part of the Pallister Triangle1) yields will be too low, making production of the crop uneconomical. For CBI information on a disk or CD-ROM that you mail to EPA, mark the outside of the disk or CD-ROM as CBI and then identify electronically within t… The sequence shown here is derived from an EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ whole genome shotgun (WGS) entry which is preliminary data. Likewise, packaged lupin flakes are available commercially for use in salads, dips and vegetarian dishes as a way to increase daily dietary fibre and protein requirements. We have isolated a genomic DNA fragment encoding a γ-tubulin in white lupin (Lupinus albus L.). 2012 Jun 1;132(3):1521-1526. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.11.145. angustifolius’ in the rest of this article. Systems used to automatically annotate proteins with high accuracy: Select one of the options below to target your search: Select item(s) and click on "Add to basket" to create your own collection here (400 entries max),
Information which has been imported from another database using automatic procedures.* Mark Olson, formerly of Alberta Agriculture, led several lupin-focused research projects and continues to be an advocate of the potential of lupin. al., 1987). Lupin seeds can be an alternative to soybean in all livestock species due to their high content in good quality protein (in the 30-40% range). Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. Unless otherwise specified, the term “lupin” will pertain specifically to ‘L. Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993)),
This section provides links to proteins that are similar to the protein sequence(s) described in this entry at different levels of sequence identity thresholds (100%, 90% and 50%) based on their membership in UniProt Reference Clusters (UniRef).
This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.
This section provides general information on the entry.
This subsection of the 'Entry information' section provides a mnemonic identifier for a UniProtKB entry, but it is not a stable identifier. Do not submit this information to EPA through regulations.gov or email. Keywords summarise the content of a UniProtKB entry and facilitate the search for proteins of interest.
Information which has been generated by the UniProtKB automatic annotation system, without manual validation.UniParc. 1Pallister Triangle refers to an area in driest region of the Canadian prairies (southwestern Manitoba to southwestern Alberta and north to Saskatoon) that was surveyed by Captain Pallister in the 1800s which he described as an area of land almost “uninhabitable” because of the dry conditions. Protein sets from fully sequenced genomes. The aquaculture industries in Australia, Chile and Canada have either already begun using lupin as ingredient in fish rations for salmon or are seriously considering doing so (in order to replace fish meal which is seen as unsustainable.) Technical Datasheet | Supplied by Rahn. You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. The current subsections and their content are listed below:
The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated Immunoblot analysis was repeated on protein That being said, white lupin (L. albus) can tolerate higher soil pH (up to pH 7.8) and may have potential for seed production under irrigation, but no research has yet been undertaken to confirm this. However, only a few plant flavonoid and isoflavonoid prenyltransferase genes have been identified to date. It is a traditional pulse cultivated in the Mediterranean region. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Lupin has a moderately deep, thick tap root (some species have longer tap roots and more lateral roots) compared to many other crop kinds, increasing the crop’s ability to scavenge water and other much needed nutrients. February 3, 2015 by Marius Lixandru.
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This indicates the type of evidence that supports the existence of the protein. A point raised in this study was the capacity of intervention of this legume and its protein isolate in the case of hypercholesterolaemia and steatosis of … It also includes information pertinent to the sequence(s), including length and molecular weight. (2013) is available for download in the LIS Data Store. (1993) Effect of enzyme supplementation on the nutritional value of raw, autoclaved and dehulled lupins (Lupinus albus) in … In this study, we compare seed protein, mineral, fiber and starch content, lipid and phenolic profile, and antioxidant properties of three lupine wild species (Lupinus albus, Lupinus luteus, and lupinus angustifolius). Sequence clusters. This crop kind as a plant protein source is comparable to soybean. DNA Data Bank of Japan; a nucleotide sequence database, Database of comparative protein structure models, ProtoNet; Automatic hierarchical classification of proteins, MobiDB: a database of protein disorder and mobility annotations. of multiple genes (paralogs).Just like with field pea, lentil, faba bean, chickpea and dry bean, lupin fits into the category of pulse crops; annual grain legumes that fix nitrogen biologically from the air. The roasted seeds can be used as a snack in much the same way as peanuts. Arabella. About Lupin Lupin is uniquely high in protein (up to 40%) and dietary fiber (30%) low in fat (6%) and contains minimal starch and therefore has a very low Glycemic Index (GI).In terms of nutritional and health benefits on offer, lupin seed is an attractive ‘GM free’ alternative to soybeans. 1.
However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case