On my journey across Russia by train we passed through numerous tunnels and over numerous bridges, and noticed one thing strange at each and every one.

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  • Postado em 20 de setembro, 2019


    High barbed cable fences preventing access beneath each major connection.

    And guard homes at each tunnel portal.

    I stumbled upon A russian railfan forum, where in fact the cause for these protection measures had been mentioned.

    VeschiiOleg published: for instance, the method of any severe bridge is enclosed by way of a area of alienation with barbed cable, indications and armed guards.

    Vlad wrote: We photograph the railway connection, for instance. The ВОХРовец is approaching us and politely is interested, but on which foundation have you been using these pictures?

    VeschiiOleg composed: ВОХРовец, in line with the statute associated with the guard service they don’t have liberties to go out of the center, those due to the territory he must not keep. But to call the police – easily. And if regarding the fence, you can find inscriptions concerning the prohibition of filming, chances are they will likely to be appropriate.

    Just what exactly will be the ВОХРовец? It’s an abbreviation for Военизированная охрана – also known as Ведомственная охрана, Russian-language Wikipedia defines them because:

    Specialised state departmental armed devices accountable for protecting buildings, structures, cars, and cargo from illegal attacks. They’ve the ability to use army and service firearms, along with solution dogs, handcuffs, plastic batons, and spike strips utilized to prevent automobiles. Officials of state departmental protection (established by federal state systems) have actually the ability to set up protocols on administrative offences, execute individual queries, examine things belonging to individuals, inspect automobiles and other procedural actions established by the Code of Administrative Offences associated with the Russian Federation.

    The Railways that is russian are by the «Ведомственная охрана железнодорожного транспорта Российской Федерации» (Departmental protection provider of Railway Transport of this Russian Federation) – who describe on their own do my homework as a result:


    The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection of this Federal Agency for Railway Transport” carries down its tasks based on the Resolution of this Government associated with Russian Federation of June 27, 2009, No. 540 “On Approval of this legislation on Departmental Protection associated with Federal Agency for Railway Transport.”

    The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection of Railway Transport associated with Russian Federation” for almost 90 years has guaranteed the security regarding the cargo being transported, the security of items additionally the fire security of railway transport into the passions associated with state, residents together with business “RZhD” all over the steel highways from Kaliningrad to Sakhalin.

    Today the departmental security regarding the railway transportation has 68,000 workers, with more than 2400 items of railway infrastructure protected, including a lot more than 1900 most crucial people.

    Significantly more than 400 fire inspectors execute fire prevention at stationary facilities and rolling stock. In constant readiness for action are 307 fire trains, including 67 specialised, with an increase of capabilities that are tactical eradicate emergencies with dangerous products.

    Additionally they showcase their work protecting major bridges.

    Along with railway tunnels.

    So just why are such substantial protection measures set up?

    Somebody on a railway that is russian asked the exact same question, and received different explanations:

    Kirill N.Kravchenko the known undeniable fact that the railway bridges are incredibly greatly guarded is understandable, nobody doubts this is certainly necessary. But I’ve constantly wondered: what makes vehicle bridges not very zealously protected?

    Victor Mikhailov in the case of any sort of accident in the train such as for instance connection collapse, the results will soon be way more significant when compared with a road connection. Any automobile may have time and energy to ahead stop seeing regarding the barrier. In addition road bridges are a lot more many than train connection, it is therefore impractical to protect most of the bridges (how to locate a lot of guards).

    Novikov S.V. its easier for road automobiles to locate a detour, or engineering troops can erect a short-term pontoon connection. Blowing up a railway connection means paralysis that is complete of path before the connection is wholly restored.

    Sura i am aware that people are dealing with “big” unique bridges. Standard railway bridge throughout the river that is small be restored in a very quick area from pre-prepared sets. Really, that is why they may not be protected.

    But this Russian-language article in Евразия Вести suggests an infinitely more most most most likely explanation – Soviet-era paranoia.

    Following October Revolution railway facilities of strategic value had been underneath the protection associated with department that is military security of “external purchase, deanery and general general public safety” ended up being completed by areas of the railway guard in addition to authorities. Cargoes, home and methods had been underneath the care of watchmen, who have been in complete subordination to those whoever good that they had protected.

    The protection of railways and the increase of their efficiency” in order to strengthen the leadership, in March 1918 a special decree was adopted “On the centralisation of management. By the decree regarding the federal government of July 17 of the identical 12 months, underneath the People’s Commissariat of Railways (NKPS), any office of Protection had been founded.

    The squad on a lawn included transportation professionals. They fought decisively against stowaways and the ones whom attempted to transport products without re re payment, along with monitoring the effectiveness of rolling stock usage. It had been envisaged to improve the true amount of security staff to 70 thousand individuals.

    The authorities could not tolerate theft and chaos in the railways. Looters slice the telegraph cables. Profiteers swarmed trains, like locusts. Concealed had been robbers, bandits as well as other unlawful element.

    The NKPS had been obligated to just just take measures that are extreme. In the channels, warehouses, warehouses temporarily formed protection that is non-military. In terms of bridges as well as other structures maybe not guarded by troops, also railway songs, they went underneath the tutelage of regional authorities, which formed out of brigade workers.

    Some propaganda that is few

    A video clip through the Voronezh branch to mark 95 many years of railway guards, whom protect the Southern Eastern Railway.

    And through the Samara branch, whom protect the railway connection within the Volga River in the Kuybyshev Railway.

    Footnote

    Ministry of Railways for the USSR directive«Типовые that is no-298y по оборудованию инженерными средствами охраны на искусственных сооружениях, охраняемых военизированной охраной МПС» (Typical solutions for equipping engineering facilities for security on man-made structures protected by paramilitary security of this Ministry of Railways) dated 2 February 1990 details the fencing criteria around limited areas.

    Prior to clause 2.1.1, the boundaries associated with the limited area are protected by a barbed cable fence (tape or inter net) in 12 threads 2 m extreme. When you look at the landscapes, these are generally designated by indicators 2 m high above the floor surface, installed over the fence line from inside through every 50 meters into the enclosure of this limited area can be arranged gates and wickets. Relative to clause 2.2.3, from the view articles, guided (rotary) floodlights associated with the PFS type (without contacts) or other narrow-beam floodlights are made to raise the equipping of this surface outside of the limited area. According to paragraph 4.1, posts for the security of synthetic structures.

    As the «По организации работы караулов ФГП ВО ЖДТ РФ» (process of organising those activities of Departmental protection provider of Railway Transport of this Russian Federation) dated 21 September 2010 specifies one other safety features required.

    Based on clause 2.4.1 of this manual a security system is established to give you security when it comes to protected item, which include: guard, articles, purchases, places and paths, surveillance sectors, engineering and technical way of protection, articles of solution dogs, means and other forces. Gear posts should supply the guard: an acceptable summary of all parts of the post together with surrounding area; sufficient lighting for the methods to the thing, its most crucial points; lack of illumination (blinding) by lighting systems of safety gear and guards; the likelihood of centralised handling of the complete illumination system or a small grouping of fixtures, plus in necessary instances, separate lights (projectors).

    Gear of limited areas includes: their fencing, checkpoint, indicators, indicative and delimiting indications, a safety lighting system, technical safety gear, postal interaction and signalling, guard posts, protective structures. According to the nature for the item while the conditions of their location, the fence is made round the border associated with the web web site and also the boundaries regarding the limited areas. Whenever erecting a fence, it must be taken into consideration so it should be rectilinear, without unneeded bends observation that is limiting for around one . 5 meters in height. To it must not adjoin any structures. The approaches to the post and the protected object should be illuminated so that the sentry, being on the post or moving along the site of the post, was in the shade in the darkness of the day. According to the established procedure, protection illumination should offer lighting during the boundaries.



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