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Postado em 19 de dezembro, 2020
This includes 24 two-way crossings and three threeway crossings. Search all swim results for English Channel swims ratified by the Channel Swimming Association Join us on the original channel and long distance swim training camp in Mallorca which we’ve been running for the past 16 years. Cars, coaches and lorries are carried on Eurotunnel Shuttle trains between Folkestone and Calais. About English Channel: The Facts: Area: 29,000 sq mi (75,000 sq km). It covers about 75,000 square km and stretches for about 560 km. The important towns around the English Channel have a population of more than 20,000 people … On Friday, 26 September 2008, Swiss Yves Rossy aka Jetman became the first person to cross the English Channel with a Jet Powered Wing, Answer. Map of English Channel with cities and towns. Martin had been part of a Channel Relay team which was … During the Battle of France in May 1940, the German forces succeeded in capturing both Boulogne and Calais, thereby threatening the line of retreat for the British Expeditionary Force. , On 4 August 2019, Frenchman Franky Zapata became the first person to cross the English Channel on a jet-powered Flyboard Air. Channel naval battles include the Battle of the Downs (1639), Battle of Goodwin Sands (1652), the Battle of Portland (1653), the Battle of La Hougue (1692) and the engagement between USS Kearsarge and CSS Alabama (1864). Max. French Normandy was occupied by English forces during the Hundred Years' War in 1346–1360 and again in 1415–1450. Some 10,000 years ago as the last Ice Age melted away, new bodies of water formed including the English Channel and Irish Sea, Great Britain and Ireland were now islands and both would eventually benefit from that process. Get started. Stay in … The Channel Tunnel, which is often called the Chunnel or the Euro Tunnel, is a railway tunnel that lies underneath the water of the English Channel and connects the island of Great Britain with mainland France. Isle of Wight and Nearby, from Selsey Bill to Weymouth, rates 2/10 for overcrowding,and 8/10 for convenience and yacht support services. It was never defined as a political border, and the names were more or less descriptive. The coastal resorts of the Channel, such as Brighton and Deauville, inaugurated an era of aristocratic tourism in the early 19th century. The tunnel is the most comfortable and humane way to travel across the English Channel with a pet. For more information, please see French Flemish. The first flood would have lasted for several months, releasing as much as one million cubic metres of water per second. , The shore-based long-range traffic control system was updated in 2003 and there is a series of traffic separation systems in operation. With more than 200 successful English Channel solo swimmers having completed this trip in the past, it is the perfect way to prepare yourself, both physically and mentally, for any long distance swim challenge that you’re planning to undertake. Pegase is a 2 seats road approved dune buggy and a powered paraglider. After a failed attempt at the end of July, French inventor Franky Zapata successfully crossed the English Channel early this morning on his Flyboard Air, … Quite a few people have swum across but many people … It isn't just the distance that is the challenge, but more, the variable conditions that you are likely to encounter. Its width is the shortest distance between France and England. In the power vacuum left by the retreating Romans, the Germanic Angles, Saxons, and Jutes began the next great migration across the North Sea. Charity event organised by Littlehampton Rotaract to raise funds for Leukaemia Research in memory of Angie Jones, New record time for crossing in amphibious vehicle (the. The French name la Manche has been used since at least the 17th century.  The Anglo-Saxon texts often call it Sūð-sǣ ("South Sea") as opposed to Norð-sǣ ("North Sea" = Bristol Channel). The MAIB report makes it clear that the harbour controllers were informed of impending disaster by shore observers before the crew were themselves aware.  The ship had been damaged and was en route to Portland Harbour.  Through the scoured channel passed a river, which drained the combined Rhine and Thames westwards to the Atlantic. At the end of the last Ice Age, lower sea levels even permitted walking across.. Blériot's crossing signalled the end of the Channel as a barrier-moat for England against foreign enemies. ", Verifiable in Hovercraft Club of Great Britain Records and Archives, Autocar article entitled Cars Ahoy published 10 December 1965, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of successful English Channel swimmers, English Channel migrant crossings (2018–present), "A chart of the British Channel, Jefferys, Thomas, 1787", "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition + corrections", "Tide Dynamics – Dynamic Theory of Tides", "Sonar mapping suggests that the English Channel was created by two megafloods", "Two-stage opening of the Dover Strait and the origin of island Britain", "Catastrophic Flooding Changed the Course of British History", "DNA recovered from underwater British site may rewrite history of farming in Europe", "The Holy Island of Lindisfarne – The Viking Attack", "First World War.com - Encyclopedia - The Dover Barrage", "U-Boat warfare at the Atlantic during World War I", "His Imperial German Majesty's U-boats in WWI: 6. The takeoff was at 8:03 a.m. from Ambleteuse in the North of France and landing was at East Studdal, near Dover. The Roman Legions (40,000 strong) crossed the dangerous English Channel in 43 AD. The board was powered by a kerosene-filled backpack.  "... Sophisticated social networks linked the Neolithic front in southern Europe to the Mesolithic peoples of northern Europe."  The name in French has been directly adapted in other Romance languages (Spanish: Canal de La Mancha, Portuguese: Canal da Mancha, Italian: La Manica). The flooding destroyed the ridge that connected Britain to continental Europe, although a land connection across the southern North Sea would have existed intermittently at later times when periods of glaciation resulted in lowering of sea levels. The scheme mandates that vessels travelling north must use the French side, travelling south the English side.  It is relatively shallow, with an average depth of about 120 m (390 ft) at its widest part, reducing to a depth of about 45 m (148 ft) between Dover and Calais. Challenging. The English Channel is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France, and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. The shortest distance in a straight line from England to France is 21 miles. " However, on 25 July 1909 Louis Blériot made the first Channel crossing from Calais to Dover in an aeroplane. , On 16 September 1965, two Amphicars crossed from Dover to Calais. 2014-03-16 04:29:25 2014-03-16 04:29:25. However, there are also a number of minority languages that are or were found on the shores and islands of the English Channel, which are listed here, with the Channel's name in the specific language following them. UK Politics. The eastern region along the French coast between Cherbourg and the mouth of the Seine river at Le Havre is frequently referred to as the Bay of the Seine (French: Baie de Seine).. , In 1974 a Welsh coracle piloted by Bernard Thomas of Llechryd crossed the English Channel to France in 13½ hours. The English Channel coast is far more densely populated on the English shore. The exceptional strategic importance of the Channel as a tool for blockading was recognised by the First Sea Lord Admiral Fisher in the years before World War I. man swims across English Channel in latest long-distance feat. Below are a few tips to help you plan your Channel crossing. In 1927, fewer than ten swimmers (including the first woman, Gertrude Ederle in 1926) had managed to successfully swim the English Channel, and many dubious claims were being made. 12°C: 14mph: 14mph: 18mph: 84% 986mB 13.5 mm Sat 12 Dec. Show details. The Channel Islands were the only part of the British Commonwealth occupied by Germany (excepting the part of Egypt occupied by the Afrika Korps at the time of the Second Battle of El Alamein, which was a protectorate and not part of the Commonwealth). Pierre Andriel crossed the English Channel aboard the Élise, ex the Scottish p.s. 1141x829 / 328 Kb Go to Map. The English Channel is five hundred and sixty three kilometres or three hundred and fifty miles long. It left streamlined islands, longitudinal erosional grooves, and other features characteristic of catastrophic megaflood events, still present on the sea floor and now revealed by high-resolution sonar. Having already been used as mercenaries in Britain by the Romans, many people from these tribes crossed during the Migration Period, conquering and perhaps displacing the native Celtic populations. Marine GPS systems allow ships to be preprogrammed to follow navigational channels accurately and automatically, further avoiding risk of running aground, but following the fatal collision between Dutch Aquamarine and Ash in October 2001, Britain's Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB) issued a safety bulletin saying it believed that in these most unusual circumstances GPS use had actually contributed to the collision. English Channel 16 day weather forecast Date Weather Temp Wind Speed Gust Humidity Pressure Rain total; Fri 11 Dec. Show details. Distance of the English channel? The first ferry crossed under the command of Captain Hayward. Here are some facts about the English Channel. The trip is designed for people who are training for a long distance event, and those keen to find out if long-distance swimming appeals to them. The English Channel has a maximum length of around 560 kilometers; however, the width of this body of water varies depending on the location. In 55 BC Julius Caesar invaded, claiming that the Britons had aided the Veneti against him the previous year. , In June 1843, because of difficulties with Dover harbour, the South Eastern Railway company developed the Boulogne-sur-Mer-Folkestone route as an alternative to Calais-Dover. , The team with the most number of Channel swims to its credit is the Serpentine Swimming Club in London, followed by the International Sri Chinmoy Marathon Team. The fastest verified swim of the Channel was by the Australian Trent Grimsey on 8 September 2012, in 6 hours 55 minutes, beating the previous record set in 2007 by Bulgarian swimmer Petar Stoychev. The race was from the Varne club in Greatstone on Sea to Cap Gris Nez / Boulogne (latter years) and back. 1217x731 / 334 Kb Go to Map. Fishing spots and depth contours layers are available in most Lake maps. American Becomes 1st Person To Swim English Channel 4 Times Without Stopping Sarah Thomas of Colorado plunged into the record books with her …  The most significant failed invasion threats came when the Dutch and Belgian ports were held by a major continental power, e.g. English Channel location on the Europe map. Many waterskiers have made this return crossing non-stop since this time. This precious stone set in the silver sea, " Researchers speculate that the flooding induced changes in topography creating barriers to migration which led to a complete absence of humans in Britain 100,000 years ago. This crossing was carried out as part of the first road and air trip from Paris to London in a flying car. The Dover Patrol was set up just before the war started to escort cross-Channel troopships and to prevent submarines from sailing in the Channel, obliging them to travel to the Atlantic via the much longer route around Scotland. Brittany was founded by Britons who fled Cornwall and Devon after Anglo-Saxon encroachment. It achieves its greatest depth at its widest part which is a hundred and twenty meters. They didn't quite meet in the middle – the English side tunnelled the greater distance. Her climb to the pre-eminent sea power of the world began in 1588 as the attempted invasion of the Spanish Armada was defeated by the combination of outstanding naval tactics by the English and the Dutch under command of Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham with Sir Francis Drake second in command, and the following stormy weather. The English Channel is a part of the Atlantic Ocean, and it separates the island of Britain (part of the UK) from northern France and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. By Evan Morrison READ THE FULL STORY:Mass. The Channel Tunnel or Chunnel is a 50km-long undersea rail tunnel below the Strait of Dover in the English Channel. English Channel, East part(2/10) from Dover/Calais to E Solent/Cherbourg offers coasts of passage rather than cruising grounds - densely populated, with much commercial traffic, enough ports (though many don't have access below half tide), no anchorages, and short but very busy crossings between France and England. "Five keys lock up the world! The strait is at the east end of the English Channel, where it joins the North Sea. Rollo's descendant William, Duke of Normandy became king of England in 1066 in the Norman Conquest beginning with the Battle of Hastings, while retaining the fiefdom of Normandy for himself and his descendants. The Channel Swimming Association was founded in 1927 and is internationally recognised to observe and authenticate channel swims. Short trips across the Channel for leisure purposes are often referred to as Channel Hopping. Many translated example sentences containing "channel distance" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. He jumped from a Pilatus Porter over Calais, France, Rossy crossed the English Channel where he deployed his parachute and landed in Dover, The first flying car to have crossed the English Channel is a Pégase designed by the French company Vaylon on Wednesday, 14 June 2017. The lake was fed by meltwater from the Baltic and from the Caledonian and Scandinavian ice sheets that joined to the north, blocking its exit. 2014-03-16 04:29:25 2014-03-16 04:29:25. The Marine Navigation App provides advanced features of a Marine Chartplotter including adjusting water level offset and custom depth shading. In aid of LEBANON (Lebanese Red Cross) This weekend, long-term Dubai resident Martin Bond will attempt the pool swim of all pool swims - a 33km swim in Fit Republik’s pool here in Dubai!  The name is usually said to refer to the Channel's sleeve (French: la manche) shape. English channel definition, an arm of the Atlantic between S England and N France, connected with the North Sea by the Strait of Dover. , As at 2005, 811 people had completed 1,185 verified crossings under the rules of the CSA and the CSPF. Singapore, the Cape, Alexandria, Gibraltar, Dover. It is one of the busiest shipping areas in the world. David has some advantages. He was more successful in 54 BC, but Britain was not fully established as part of the Roman Empire until completion of the invasion by Aulus Plautius in 43 AD. As a busy shipping lane, the Channel experiences environmental problems following accidents involving ships with toxic cargo and oil spills. By February 1915, this had been augmented by a 25 kilometres (16 mi) stretch of light steel netting called the Dover Barrage, which it was hoped would ensnare submerged submarines. The German troops on the islands surrendered on 9 May 1945, a day after the final surrender in mainland Europe. Home News. 111 migrants including baby sail to UK in near-freezing conditions.  Though the system is inherently incapable of reaching the levels of safety obtained from aviation systems such as the traffic collision avoidance system, it has reduced accidents to one or two per year. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle they began to settle in Britain in 851. Caen, Cherbourg, Carentan, Falaise and other Norman towns endured many casualties in the fight for the province, which continued until the closing of the so-called Falaise gap between Chambois and Montormel, then liberation of Le Havre. The sport of Channel swimming traces its origins to the latter part of the 19th century when Captain Matthew Webb made the first observed and unassisted swim across the Strait of Dover, swimming from England to France on 24–25 August 1875 in 21 hours 45 minutes. This page deals with matters common to the whole English Channel (French. After initial success, the Germans learned how to pass through the barrage, aided by the unreliability of British mines. She had expected to swim a total of 80 miles, but the strong tide in the English Channel increased the distance and made her feat closer to 130 miles. It should have been a total distance of about 80 miles (129 km) but the tidal pulls in the Channel increased the distance by more than 60%, meaning she ended up swimming nearly 130 miles (209 km). After multiple episodes of changing sea level, during which the Fosses Dangeard were largely infilled by various layers of sediment, another catastrophic flood carved a large bedrock-floored valley, the Lobourg Channel, some 500 m wide and 25 m deep, from the southern North Sea basin through the centre of the Straits of Dover and into the English Channel. The distance is about 22 miles as the crow flies. Zapata made the 35.4 km (22.0 mi) journey in 22 minutes, having landed on a boat half-way across to refuel.. Finale", "Operation Cycle, the evacuation from Havre, 10-13 June 1940", Operation Aerial, the evacuation from north western France, 15–25 June 1940, "Atlantic, WW2, U-boats, convoys, OA, OB, SL, HX, HG, Halifax, RCN ...", "World War II: British Channel Islands--German Fortifications (1941-43)", "The Tricolor/Kariba/Clary Incident - Professional Mariner - March 2008", "Chartlets published by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency", "Report on the Investigation of the grounding of MV, "Picture gallery: Cornwall's stranded tanker", "A Fécamp, les travaux du parc éolien en mer vont commencer", "Patterson, W, "Coastal Catastrophe" (paleoclimate research document), University of Saskatchewan", "Wales on Britannia: Facts About Wales & the Welsh", "Rinspeed "Splash" sets English Channel record", "1996 Nissan Truck [D21] in "Top Gear, 2002–2010, "Unorthodox Crossing of the Dover Strait Traffic Separation Scheme", "Trent Grimsey breaks channel swim record", "Channel swimming records - Dover.UK.com", The European & American Electric Type-Printing Telegraph Company, Full Channel swim lists and swimmer information, World War II Eye Witness Account – Audio Recording, Franco-Dutch treaty on Saint Martin border controls, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=English_Channel&oldid=990096304, Articles containing Cornish-language text, Articles using infobox body of water without pushpin map alt, Articles using infobox body of water without image bathymetry, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2008, Articles needing additional references from January 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The steamer was purchased subsequently by the French postal administration and renamed, First ferry connection through Folkestone-Boulogne, Hovercraft crossing (Calais to Dover, 2 hours 3 minutes). Louis Blériot (France) piloted the first airplane to cross in 1909. The widest part of the English Channel has an approximate width of about 240 kilometers. The Strait of Dover (French: Pas de Calais), at the Channel's eastern end, is its narrowest point, while its widest point lies between Lyme Bay and the Gulf of Saint Malo, near its midpoint.  The name "English Channel" has been widely used since the early 18th century, possibly originating from the designation Engelse Kanaal in Dutch sea maps from the 16th century onwards. It is the busiest shipping area in the world. Known colloquially to the English as the ‘Narrow Sea’, until the 18th century, the English Channel had no fixed name either in English or in French. . At the end of the last Ice Age, lower sea levels even permitted walking across. Crossing the English Channel by boat: Everything you need to know Peter Cumberlidge June 12, 2019 . In 1204, during the reign of King John, mainland Normandy was taken from England by France under Philip II, while insular Normandy (the Channel Islands) remained under English control. 1217x731 / 334 Kb Go to Map. A combination of radar difficulties in monitoring areas near cliffs, a failure of a CCTV system, incorrect operation of the anchor, the inability of the crew to follow standard procedures of using a GPS to provide early warning of the ship dragging the anchor and reluctance to admit the mistake and start the engine led to the MV Willy running aground in Cawsand Bay, Cornwall, in January 2002. In 1259, Henry III of England recognised the legality of French possession of mainland Normandy under the Treaty of Paris. The most significant towns and cities along both the English and French sides of the Channel (each with more than 20,000 inhabitants, ranked in descending order; populations are the urban area populations from the 1999 French census, 2001 UK census, and 2001 Jersey census) are as follows: The two dominant cultures are English on the north shore of the Channel, French on the south. , As one of the narrowest and most well-known international waterways lacking dangerous currents, the Channel has been the first objective of numerous innovative sea, air, and human powered crossing technologies. The Battle of Passchendaele in 1917 was fought to reduce the threat by capturing the submarine bases on the Belgian coast, though it was the introduction of convoys and not capture of the bases that averted defeat. For other uses, see, This article is about the body of water. The construction of the tunnel began in 1986 and was completed in 1994. Approximately 350 miles long, it is one of the busiest shipping lanes on the planet.  At the end of the last glacial period, rising sea levels finally severed the last land connection.  American cancer survivor becomes the first person to swim the English Channel four times nonstop Sept. 17, 2019 01:19 Sept. 17, 2019, 11:29 AM UTC / Updated Sept. 17, 2019, 1:38 PM UTC The English Channel itself is a part of the Atlantic Ocean, and it separates the island of Great Britain (part of the UK) from northern France and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. Top Answer. Franky Zapata Crosses English Channel On Hoverboard Nobody else has ever tried to cross the body of water by hoverboard, which is powered by a backpack full of fuel. A German attack on these vessels resulted in the Battle of Dover Strait in 1917. Rollo had besieged Paris but in 911 entered vassalage to the king of the West Franks Charles the Simple through the Treaty of St.-Claire-sur-Epte. Many travellers cross beneath the Channel using the Channel Tunnel, first proposed in the early 19th century and finally opened in 1994, connecting the UK and France by rail. For first timers crossing the Channel, travelling with company is a good idea. , The attack on Lindisfarne in 793 is generally considered the beginning of the Viking Age. The journey time Dover to Boulogne was roughly 35 minutes, with six trips per day at peak times.  The village of Kingsand was evacuated for three days because of the risk of explosion, and the ship was stranded for 11 days. However, this changes according to the tides. It was able to make the journey across the Straits of Dover in around three hours. 12°C: 32mph: 32mph: 42mph : 82% … About English Channel… The fastest crossing of the English Channel by a commercial car-carrying hovercraft was 22 minutes, recorded by the Princess Anne MCH SR-N4 Mk3 on 14 September 1995,, The first aircraft to cross the Channel was a balloon in 1785, piloted by Jean Pierre François Blanchard (France) and John Jeffries (US).. Why on earth…??? Dieppe was the site of an ill-fated Dieppe Raid by Canadian and British armed forces. Pre-historic people sailed from the mainland to England for millennia. 33km represents the approximate distance of a Channel Swim from England to France! The shortest distance across the strait, 33.3 kilometres (20.7 miles; 18.0 nautical miles), is from the South Foreland, northeast of Dover in the English county of Kent, to Cap Gris Nez, a cape near to Calais in the French département of Pas-de-Calais. As part of a publicity stunt, the journey was undertaken to demonstrate how the Bull Boats of the Mandan Indians of North Dakota could have been copied from Welsh coracles introduced by Prince Madog in the 12th century. The English Channel is to long-distance swimmers what Mount Everest is to mountain climbers: the biggest legend their sport has to offer.  It is the smallest of the shallow seas around the continental shelf of Europe, covering an area of some 75,000 km2 (29,000 sq mi)..  The ships were maintaining a very precise automated course, one directly behind the other, rather than making use of the full width of the traffic lanes as a human navigator would. UK Politics. French inventor Franky Zapata made history as the first person to cross the English Channel by hoverboard, taking off Sunday from Sangatte on France's northern coast … 3 4 5. Though many invasion attempts occurred via the channel over the centuries (some successful, some not) in modern times the English Channel has helped Britain and Ireland defend themselves from outside invaders, namely the German Army during World War II. It's approximately 350 miles long, and at its narrowest in the Strait of Dover. A failed attempt to cross the Channel by two Syrian refugees in October 2014 only came to light when their bodies were later discovered on the shores of the North Sea in Norway and the Netherlands. As one of the narrowest and most well-known international waterways lacking dangerous currents, the Channel has been the first objective of numerous innovative sea, air, and human powered crossing technologies. Asked by Wiki User. The name "Normandy" reflects Rollo's Viking (i.e. The steamer was purchased subsequently by the French postal administration and renamed Henri IV and put into regular passenger service a year later. The coastline, particularly on the French shore, is deeply indented; several small islands close to the coastline, including Chausey and Mont Saint-Michel, are within French jurisdiction. English Channel. The English Channel is the body of water that separates the south coast of England from the north coast of France. Successful invasions include the Roman conquest of Britain and the Norman Conquest in 1066, while the concentration of excellent harbours in the Western Channel on Britain's south coast made possible the largest amphibious invasion in history, the Normandy Landings in 1944. Another significant challenge to British domination of the seas came during the Napoleonic Wars. It is 31 miles (50 km) long and consists of three tunnels: two for rail traffic and a central tunnel for services and security. Much of the British war effort in Flanders was a bloody but successful strategy to prevent the Germans reaching the Channel coast. It is governed by International Law as described in Unorthodox Crossing of the Dover Strait Traffic Separation Scheme. It reaches a maximum depth of 180 m (590 ft) in the submerged valley of Hurd's Deep, 48 km (30 mi) west-northwest of Guernsey. The Ferriby Boats, Hanson Log Boats and the later Dover Bronze Age Boat could carry a substantial cross-Channel cargo.. Before the development of the modern nations, British scholars very often referred to it as "Gaulish" (Gallicum in Latin) and French scholars as "British" or "English". The time difference of about six hours between high water at the eastern and western limits of the Channel is indicative of the tidal range being amplified further by resonance.. Patel given warning over prosecutions of Channel migrants. They continued to settle in the British Isles and the continent until around 1050.. Peter Cumberlidge shares his extensive knowledge of this open-sea passage. The English Channel is approximately -19 nautical miles (38,000 yards) or 35 kilometers (35,000m). Intense negotiations resulted in some Red Cross humanitarian aid, but there was considerable hunger and privation during the occupation, particularly in the final months, when the population was close to starvation. 350 miles (565 km) long; 20–100 miles (32–160 km) wide. The Rampion Wind Farm is an offshore wind farm located in the Channel, off the coast of West Sussex. Learn more about the Channel Tunnel, including its history. The English Channel Virtual Fitness Challenge takes you 21 miles across the width of the English Channel between England and France.  The early stages of the Battle of Britain featured German air attacks on Channel shipping and ports; despite these early successes against shipping the Germans did not win the air supremacy necessary for Operation Sealion, the projected cross-Channel invasion. 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